The way you put your home on its location to take advantage of climatic elements like sun and cooling breezes is referred to as orientation. In all except tropical regions, for example, living rooms should face north, or as close to north as feasible, providing maximum solar exposure and simple summer shading of walls and windows.
The demand for auxiliary heating and cooling is reduced, and sunlight access to panels for solar photovoltaics and hot water is improved. As a result, your house is more comfortable to live in and less expensive to run. It takes into account the sun’s movement in the summer and winter, as well as the direction and kind of winds.
Summer shading decreases summer heat, enhances comfort, and saves energy by shading your home and outdoor spaces. Over each square metre of a surface, direct sunlight may provide the same amount of heat as a single bar radiator.
Effective shade, such as eaves, window awnings, shutters, pergolas, and plants, may block up to 90% of the heat. Unprotected glass is frequently the biggest source of heat absorption in a house, therefore shading it to prevent undesired heat gain is important.
Poorly constructed permanent shade, on the other hand, can obstruct the winter sun. You may utilize shade to maximize thermal comfort by estimating sun angles for your area, taking into account climate and home orientation.